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Students holding hands around a globe

English as a New Language



English as new language (ENL) provides English language learners with the necessary supports and services to enable them to graduate with a high-quality education that is equitable, rigorous, and supportive, that values their cultural and linguistic assets, so that they are prepared for college, careers, and leadership in a global society. 

Students jumping rope, holding barbells and kicking a soccer ball

Adapted Physical Education (APE)

Adapted Physical Education (APE) is a specialized physical education program of:

  • Developmental activities

  • Games

  • Sports

  • Rhythms

The IEP team will recommend APE if your child cannot safely or successfully participate in the regular physical education program. APE teachers will adapt and modify a physical activity so that it is appropriate for the individual student.

Pencil circling an answer on an alternative assessment page

Alternate Assessment

Alternate Assessment is used to evaluate the performance and progress of students who are unable to take part in standard assessments, even with testing accommodations. These measures of achievement:

  • Provide eligible students with an alternative way to demonstrate their knowledge and skills

  • Measure students’ progress towards achieving academic goals

  • Support teachers and specialists in adapting instructional strategies and supports

  • Are used by schools as part of their usual classroom assessment practices

The NY State Alternate Assessment (NYSAA) is part of the annual State testing process for all eligible students in grades 3-8 and in high school. The IEP must specify that your child is eligible for alternate assessments.

A paraprofessinal pointing to a page in a book while helping a student

Paraprofessional Services


A paraprofessional is an aide who provides assistance to students. It may be to an entire class or to an individual student. It can be for all, or part, of a school day.

You child’s IEP may recommend the support of a paraprofessional in:

  • Behavior support

  • Health

  • Transportation

  • Orientation and mobility

  • Toileting

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